How to Launch a New Product
This article was originally written by Jason Calacanis in 2008. We will be updating it in 2011. Please post considered feedback in the comments.
Last Monday we launched a new product called Mahalo Answers (http://www.mahalo.com/answers/ ).
It got a very warm reception from the press, users and the industry (investors, partners, etc). This was the most seamless and well-executed launch I’ve ever been involved in, so I thought I would share what I’ve learned about launching new products while it’s fresh in my mind.
In this email, I discuss coming up with the idea or building the product–that’s almost a book’s worth of information (hint, hint ), but I will discuss the moment from when the product is completed, through the beta test, generating buzz, the press tour and launch.
Mahalo Answers is a knowledge exchange with a virtual currency that can be exchanged for real dollars. In other words, it’s a question and answer site like Yahoo! Answers (which was based on the Korean knowledge services by Naver.com or Daum.net), that you can make money from. Users offer a tip that can be rescinded, but rescinded tips are tracked to warn researchers of possible dead beats.
There is no risk to offering a tip as it’s refundable and because multiple users will answer your question and you only have to give a tip to one person. You don’t have to offer a tip,, mind you, but it helps: in the first week questions with a tip were answered in half the amount of time as those without (approximately 30 minutes compared to 64).
For context, this is the third of Mahalo’s five pillars. The first two pillars were our human-selected search results and our Wikipedia-style “Guide Notes.” The other two pillars will launch in 2009. In other words, after almost two years of work we’ve build 60% of what Mahalo will eventually become. So, in three years we will have launched all five products–in some ways companies–in order to reach our goal of building the world’s first “human-powered search engine.”
Now, on to the process.
Creating Buzz & the Beta
In order to create buzz I like to start telling folks about my work schedule about a month out from the launch. On the past couple of trips I started telling folks that I was crushed (true!) trying to finish up “Project A.” At various cocktail parties, meetings and speaking gigs I talked about Project A. When folks asked what it was I told them it was a new product launching on December 15th. We showed some investment bankers and investors, knowing they like to chatter about who’s working on interesting things. Additionally, I started twittering Project A’s impending arrival both in this newsletter and on Twitter.
Many of you played along, responding back to me on Twitter and email and for that, I thank you.
A couple weeks before the project’s launch we put up a simple Google Spreadsheet with a bunch of questions. Some of the questions were important (like what topics do you like), others were red herrings (like what games do you like to play). In a week about 3,000 signed up for the beta. We put an NDA at the top of the beta and we started letting in a handful of people after *personal* emails from me asking them not to disclose what we were doing and that they were under official “FrienDA.” People *might* break an NDA if it’s simply text on a webpage, but I don’t see them doing that if a friend invites them in.
Additionally, I asked my staff to put their parents and spouses on the system provided they were NOT in the industry. This is a great way to get feedback from normal folks, and it’s great for me to get bonus points with my staff’s parents (“oh… that CEO boss of yours is such a nice gentleman for letting us see that new product.” — say that like an overprotective mother for extra effect .
In the beta we discussed the type of community we wanted to have and we put a thin line across the top of the page that instructed users to simply email email@example.com with their feedback. No stupid forms to fill out–just click and send. I had the feedback email forwarded to *every* single employee. Why? If there are problems everyone needs to know about them and get flooded with them over and over again. The firstname.lastname@example.org email is punishment for when we suck–it’s our penance. Want to get less email? Fix the problems in the beta!
Side note: I’ve told every member of our team at Mahalo that you MUST, as a requirement of your job, have a phone with email. If you’re going to be at a startup you need to be seeing the “Mahalo Weather Report” on your BlackBerry or iPhone 24×7 like I do. It’s like being a police officer–you need to carry a piece with you even if you’re off duty in case sh@#$t goes down. It’s just part of the job.
For the folks who we didn’t get into the beta we sent them a coupon for five Mahalo dollars to spend in the system. It’s good to do something nice to the folks who signup but you can’t accommodate if you do, in fact, have too many beta testers. Many of you took me up on that offer.
Slamming the System
It is absolutly essential that you try to break your system before users come in. I do a lot of simple things like throw bad characters into web forms or load up 300 web pages at once in Opera and see what happens. Of course, the tech team can do so much more with the tools they have. You have to make twice as much time for testing load and attacks as you think. We got some hacker friends to try and break a demo copy of the site during the beta, we ran huge attacks against the system and we maxed out all our infrastructure…
… and still it wasn’t enough!
We had to put another dozen servers online during the launch and we’ve been up 99% of the time it seems–more than I could ask for for week one.
The Media Tour (in six acts)
We do 10 media tours a year–at least. These occur under two circumstances: we are launching a new product or we are doing a speaking gig in another city. When we were in Sydney, Tokyo, Seoul, London and Athens this past year we did a blogger dinner and a press tour. These are invaluable for Mahalo as we’ve actually seen traffic increases in those countries we visit. If you want to court early adopters on a global basis do a press tour when you travel. It doubles the value of your speaking gigs.
[[ If you want to skip to the bottom of the email you can see the press clippings. ]]
Step One: Selecting who to brief.
Before launching a new product I like to show the product to select bloggers and journalists. We keep a list in a Google Spreadsheet of all of our contacts from around the world and when we do a press tour we look to see which of these folks did a fair job reporting on our last product. If they really took some time to understand the product and write an accurate report on it we send them a short note asking them if they would like to be briefed. We keep it very simple: “We’re launching a new product and we would love to show it to you over the phone in the next couple of days. If you’re interested and you could give me a couple of available times on Wednesday, Thursday or Friday we’ll set something up.”
Simple. One or two sentences and done. If they don’t respond we might send one follow-up, but we don’t call and we don’t spam the person over and over. That looks really desperate and it is not very gracious. If they’re interested they will let you know, if they don’t get back to you they are not. Don’t call them over and over to “confirm they got the email.”
Step Two: Have your hardware and phone perfect.
We set up two computers for every demo. One with Adobe Connect as the host and one connected as a user. Both computers are right next to each other on the desk. This allows me, as the person giving the demo, to actually see what they’re seeing. If the desktop sharing software is slow or has a problem, I know. I can also pace my discussion to match what they are seeing. We use a professional headset and phone system–not a mobile phone. We have the journalists’ phone numbers and we call them so we know we are getting a great, clean phone line.
Step Three: What to put in your demo.
Before we talk to a journalist we check to see what they’ve written about Mahalo so we know where we should start the demo. If they’ve done four stories we don’t need to explain that it’s a human-powered search engine. This is our job to find out what they’ve covered, not their job. If they have not covered Mahalo I start by asking folks how much they know about Mahalo and if they would like me to give them a brief 10,000-foot view. If they say yes I explain to them: why we started Mahalo, what we’ve accomplished and what we’ve learned–the good and bad. I give them specific facts including when we launched, when we raised capital and how many monthly uniques we have according to what source (i.e. Quantcast quantified or ComScore’s B.S. numbers that no one should trust). Give these facts simply and don’t spin them: fact, fact, fact. Journalists need facts in order to write stories and in order to form opinions and follow-up questions. It’s not your job to give them conclusions, it’s your job to give them facts.
After establishing a baseline about the company I explain what we’re launching in one sentence and why we’re launching it. In the case of Mahalo Answers I said: “We’re launching a knowledge exchange similar to Yahoo! Answers, Naver or Daum.net, that has a couple of very unique features. This is a new feature we’ve added to Mahalo’s search pages to make them more comprehensive and helpful–we are NOT changing direction. We’re still a search engine.” At this point the journalist will probably ask, “how is it different,” at which point you say “we’ll let’s take a look.”
We then go into the major points that we want to get across. In the case of Mahalo Answers we had four:
1. Mahalo’s search results contain three items: curated links (like Google), content (like Wikipedia or About.com), and Q&A (like Naver Knowledge In or Yahoo! Answers). We believe the future of search is having these three things on one page.
2. Mahalo Answers has a virtual currency that allows you to “tip” a user if they give a good answer. Tips are refundable, can be funded for as little as $1 and users can convert Mahalo Dollars to US dollars, less a 25% fee. That 25% fee along with advertising is how we make money.
3. Users can ask other users direct questions with a tip or without.
4. Answers can include rich media like a YouTube video, an mp3 file or a Flickr photo. These are added by simply putting in the URL of the object–not the embed code.
Step Four: Letting the journalist ask questions.
I leave it up to the journalist as to when they want to ask questions. After every point I ask “did you have any questions about [[insert point here]], or would you like me to keep going?” They will ask you a question or say “keep going.” It’s up to them how they want to ask a question, not you. Keep moving if they don’t have questions. Some journalists like to take it all in, or they might be eating a sandwich at their desk and have you on mute. Either way, give them the option.
Step Five: Wrapping up.
At the end I like to recap the basic points, let them know that we’re excited about the launch and let them know we have a couple of new features coming. If they are a smart journalist they will try to extract one of these new features. If they guess it right I tell them, if they don’t I don’t tell them. It’s a little game I like to play at the end which is: if you ask good questions you get rewarded with better nuggets for your story. At the end I thank them for taking the time and tell them my email address in case they have any questions or suggestions at any time. I don’t tell them to talk to a PR person or contact marketing. If they have a question email me immediately and I’m available to them. Why? Because when you’re on f@#$%ing deadline it’s a real pain in the ass to have to talk to a @!#$% PR person to get a simple question answered. Sorry, I was just remembering my days as a journalist where I REFUSED to go through PR people and told them if they wanted INK in Silicon Alley Reporter their CEO needed to talk to me on email. This made PR people crazy, but it made Silicon Alley Reporter great.
Step Six: Leave them alone.
Do NOT call the journalist to ask them how their story is going or ask to see the piece in advance. That looks desperate and insulting. If they take the time to do a piece great, if not at least you know they are aware of your product for the next time. 90% of the reason folks hate PR people is because they always act so desperate and act so annoying. NEVER call a journalist. Period. Just send them short emails and leave them alone.
Opening the Floodgates
We set an embargo of 1 a.m. PST for Mahalo Answers and we opened up the product at around 1:30 a.m. We tried to get it to open at 12:55 a.m. but there were–as there always are–some technical issues. We had a bunch of little problems throughout the night, but had them worked out when the sun came up.
The entire tech team came in Sunday night as well as half the editorial team (the other half slept so they could work the next day obviously). We got a couple of boxes of Stan’s Donuts from Westwood (peanut butter and chocolate… wha-what?!) and caffeined up for the night. It was an amazing bonding experience and it was super exciting. At around 4 a.m. we did a little toast with some sparkling apple cider, and later that week I packed the team on a big old bus and took them to Disneyland. One of the gossip blogs took me to task for taking everyone to Disneyland after having layoffs, but I believe you gotta work hard and play hard. A day out at Disneyland is a simple reward for six weeks of non-stop work.
The first day we put three folks on the “sheriff tools” with instructions to delete any stupid questions or answers, and obviously spam. We wanted to set a tone in the first week that unhelpful answers, joking, or obnoxious behavior were NOT the point of Mahalo Answers. At one point someone sent me (probably one of you!) a long email trying to figure out why the quality of the answers was so high. I responded “because we delete the bad ones.”
Membership in an online community is a privilege, not a right. If you run an online community I suggest removing people who act obnoxious or stupid–especially early on. Obnoxious folks drive away considered folks–which is exactly why I left blogging. There simply were too many obnoxious folks who make their living pissing on the legs of the folks trying to do something intelligent. Sure, if you piss on a brilliant person’s leg everyone at the party will notice you, but they will do so for all the wrong reasons. Anyway, let’s not get into the de-evolution of the blogosphere or you’ll have to read–and I’ll have to write–another 3,000 words.
Setting the Tone
Back to setting the tone. It’s absolutely important that when you have a beta that your entire company take part in it and “eat your own dog food” as they say. In Mahalo Answers we wanted answers that were more intelligent than “why don’t you google it?” or “here’s the wikipedia page.” So, we had our entire team spend days asking interesting questions and answering them with considerable care and details. When the users came in for the first time they were confronted with, as our CTO Mark Jeffrey put it, a library-like environment. It was a serious place and as such no one started screaming or acting like an idiot. If they did we deleted their nonsense. Nothing is more effective in getting rid of a troll than ignoring them and removing their garbage. You should have no problem removing the bad actors from your system because one bad actor can cost you, over their lifetime, thousands of good actors.
This is how I like to launch a product and it’s not based on anything I’ve read or been told to do. It’s simply one person’s process learned from a decade of launching products. I’m sure there are many more interesting ideas and I would love for you to send them to me so I can learn from you. That really is the deal that you and I have with this email experiment we’re doing: I tell you everything I know and I’ve learned and you hit reply and tell me. We then create a relationship based on trusting each other, sharing knowledge and support.
Some of the press coverage of the launch below:
“I can’t help but be impressed by Mahalo Answers. The idea that people would pay for answers isn’t as flawed as the Google Answers experiment would lead many to believe. You only have to look at many, many outsourcing sites to see that basic questions often have a money value, even quick responses at below $10. The service is slick, well thought out, and there is much to like. Mahalo Answers= WIN.”
Duncan Riley, The Inquisitr
“It’s an interesting business model, and from what we’ve seen can be very addicting. There’s certainly a potential for people to become semi-professional “answerers,” who are constantly trolling the site for new questions that offer tips.”
Chris Synder, ABC News
“As I’ve said before, it’s just as important for companies to experiment with business models as it is to try new technology and features, and that’s what Mahalo is doing here. This Q&A product may not work, financially, as it is crafted today. Or it may. Regardless, it is good for companies experimenting with revenue-generating ideas. And this one is pretty clever.”
Rafe Needleman – CNET News
“A $5 tip for the best explanation of vigorish”
John Murrell, Good Morning Silicon Valley
“If Yahoo just isn’t cutting it for you, or you’re looking for a semi-serious answer to a question you’re willing to spend a few on, Mahalo Answers might be the place to sound off.”
Kevin Purdy, Lifehacker
“Jason Calacanis is betting that your knowledge is worth at least a few bucks. He is hoping that the collective knowledge of the Internet will fuel Mahalo Answers, the latest extension of his human-powered search engine Mahalo.”
Jenna Wortham, NY Times, Bits Blog
“Considering Mahalo is a search engine that also gets much of its traffic from Google, it’s not hard to imagine at least a small percentage of those visitors paying a few dollars for the convenience of getting the answer they’re looking for.”
Adam Ostrow, Mashable
“Mahalo, the human-powered search engine, introduced Mahalo Answers today, a new service that allows its community to ask and answer questions, and reward users for the quality of their responses. Mahalo Answers is both a direct challenger to Yahoo’s dominance in this market and a new spin on the narrow Answers paradigm that could actually be sustainable.”
David Chartier, Ars Technica
“Q: What Do You Get When You Add Karate Belts To a Q&A Service? Mahalo Answers.”
“Mahalo is essentially paying for traffic here, or rather getting its users to pay for traffic. The prospect of making tips from other users will be the main draw for many visitors. The question is: Will that be enough to jumpstart more organic growth by improving upon the Q&A format and seeding the site with some really good answers? Or does Yahoo Answers with its 154 million monthly unique visitors worldwide (comScore) have too much momentum to ever be challenged?”
Erick Schonfeld, Tech Crunch
“Mahalo surely won’t be replacing Google anytime soon — but Calacanis has created an interesting Q&A platform with some compelling features. The ability to offer tips for questions is clever, and something that should get some use — and the direct questions to experts function could be very useful, if the right folks offer their expertise.”
Jordan Golson, Venture Beat
“A note for anyone who ever has to demo a product: Find some way to watch Calacanis go through his paces live if you can. You can get a sense of the experience by reading his tutorial, or by watching video of him in action. But it’s another thing to get it in real time, and watch him simultaneously hype and soft-sell. Really effective stuff.”
Peter Kafka, WSJ/All Things D